Asthma is a condition that affects the airways – the small tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. When a person with asthma comes into contact with something that irritates their airways (an asthma trigger), the muscles around the walls of the airways tighten so that the airways become narrower and the lining of the airways becomes inflamed and starts to swell.

Sometimes, sticky phlegm or mucus builds up which can further narrow the airways.

These reactions cause the airways to become narrower and irritated making it difficult to breath and leading to the symptoms of asthma. The usual symptoms of asthma are:

  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tightness in the chest

Patients with Asthma will be asked to attend an annual asthma review which will involve:

  • A full discussion about their medicine and any side effects
  • The checking of inhaler technique (s)
  • Agreeing a personal asthma action plan.
  • Support in understanding their triggers and monitoring their asthma symptoms
  • Educating them in knowing how to respond when their asthma gets worse.
  • Ensuring they know what to do if they have an asthma attack.

Key objectives of the Practice are to:

  • To empower people with asthma and their families to manage their condition
  • To develop a partnership approach with your asthma nurse/doctor
  • To ensure a high standard of care and treatment

The following factsheets, available from Patient UK give information and advice on a variety of asthma related topics:

For more information please visit the websites below:

NHS Choices videos